Dictionaries & Glossaries

These dictionaries and glossary maybe helpful in translating some of the facsimiles or transcriptions of the original manuscripts.


French, English and Latin dictionaries

Middle English Compendium 

The Middle English Compendium contains three Middle English electronic resources: the Middle English Dictionary, a Bibliography of Middle English prose and verse, and a Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse.

Lexicons of Early Modern English 

LEME searches and displays word-entries from monolingual English dictionaries, bilingual lexicons, technical vocabularies, and other encyclopedic-lexical works, 1480-1755

Dictionnaire du Moyen Français 

Provides translation into Modern French


This is a listing of culinary definitions for words found in historical recipes. 

John Minsheu Dictionary 

Spanish Dictionary first appeared in 1599 with word search feature.

Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der hochdeutschen Mundart  

Grammatic-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect

A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongues 

This facsimile was assembled from two facsimiles (one and two) in the French National Library. First published 1611.

Queen Anna's New World of Words 

Florio's 1611 Italian/English Dictionary

Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch zum Handgebrauch 

Middle High German Dictionary for ordinary use

Middle English Dictionary 

The goal of the Middle English Dictionary is to include all meanings, grammatical forms, and spellings of all the words identified by its extensive reading program.

Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch 

Middle High German Dictionary

Glossary from Bright’s Anglo-Saxon Reader 

This book is planned for an introductory course in Anglo Saxon The glossary has been constructed so as both to facilitate the use of a grammar and to reduce the necessity of grammatical notes.

Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm 

Published in 1854 but includes references to pre 17th century uses.  Roughly the equivalent to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED).  Plant and animal names are often translated into Latin.

Dictionnaire de L'ancienne Langue Française 

Searchable dictionary of French from the 9th to 15th centuries


Midlle Low German Manual Dictionary